Online Presentations (from Past Semesters)
Linda Medler: "Diversity in the Board Room"
Brigadier General, USAF (Retired)
Chief Information Security Officer/Director IT Security
Raytheon Missile Systems
Raytheon Company (NYSE: RTN), with 2014 sales of $23 billion and 61,000 employees worldwide, is a technology and innovation leader specializing in defense, civil government and cybersecurity markets throughout the world. Raytheon is headquartered in Waltham, Mass.
In her current role, Medler is responsible for synchronizing cyber initiatives and capability development across the RMS product family. She leads and creates the cyber vision and strategy to develop nonkinetic capabilities for customers, and ensures cyber resiliency and defensive measures are incorporated into all variants of RMS weapon systems. Medler is building the methodology to address the Department of Defense (DoD) guidance on electronic warfare and cyber convergence and is incorporating cyber resiliency testing during all phases of weapon systems testing and certification in accordance with Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) guidance and directives.
Before joining Raytheon, Medler was president and CEO of LA Medler and Associates, LLC, providing cyber strategy consulting services to commercial clients and numerous DoD customers and academic institutions. In 2014, she concluded 30 years of combined military service as a brigadier general in the U.S. Air Force as director of Capability and Resource Integration (J8) for United States Cyber Command. In this capacity, she was responsible for mapping cyber requirements to capabilities, identifying and resourcing emerging cyberspace capabilities, developing the cyber component of the future year’s defense plan and overseeing the command’s budget. To meet the growing demand for offensive and defensive cyberspace operations, Medler orchestrated the development of the current DoD Cyber Mission Force strategy and resourcing plan.
Her previous assignments included director of Communications and Networks for the Joint Sta , Joint Chiefs of Sta Deputy CIO, chief of staff for Air Force Materiel Command, Secretary of Defense corporate fellow; and presidential communications officer at the White House Communications Agency. Medler commanded at the squadron, group and wing level, and deployed to Afghanistan to lead more than 100 coalition personnel responsible for elding the Afghan National Army. In 2005, she commanded the 97th Air Expeditionary Group to provide humanitarian relief operations in the wake of Hurricane Katrina.
Medler is on the board of directors for both Operation Homefront and the United Way of Tucson and Southern Arizona, and has served as a member of the Arizona Governor’s Cybersecurity Roundtable. A special adviser to the Arizona Cyber reat Response Alliance, she is also on the National Board of Advisers for the Eller College of Management, University of Arizona, and a member of the Board of the Arizona State University Research Enterprise.
Medler holds a bachelor’s degree in business management and management information systems from the University of Arkansas at Little Rock. She has a master’s degree in business administration, management information systems from the University of Arizona, and a master’s in national strategic studies from the Naval War College.
Daisy Jenkins: "The Journey Through Workplace Inequality"
This presentation walks through the continuum of Affirmative Action through Diversity and Inclusion and the impact on Ms. Jenkins personal career journey as a Black woman. It also highlights leadership qualities and behaviors that promote a workplace culture and environment where ALL employees can make meaningful contributions and experience value and acceptance regardless of their differences.
Daisy M. Jenkins, Esq., is the President of Daisy Jenkins & Associates, LLC, specializing in Human Resources consulting, executive and developmental coaching. She is a Leadership Advisor in the THEO Executive Group, headquartered in Irving, TX. Jenkins previously served as executive vice president and Chief Administrative Officer for Carondelet Health Network and a number of Human Resources executive positions with Raytheon Company.
Jenkins published articles locally and nationally as a Public Voices Fellow through the OpEd Program and The University of Arizona, and has authored two novels: “Within The Walls, A Journey Through Sexism and Racism in Corporate America (The film “Title VII” is based on the novel) and “The Green Machine.” She has received numerous awards: “The 2015 Sí Se Puéde Legacy Award” from the Arizona César Chavez Holiday Coalition, “Women Who Lead” from the University of Arizona (UA) Gender & Women’s Studies, the “Phenomenal Woman of the Year” from the UA Black Alumni Association; “2007 Tucson Woman of the Year,” “Distinguished Alumnus” from the UA James E. Rogers College of Law, and recognized in Ebony Magazine as one of the “African American Women at the Top in Corporate America.”
Community affiliations includes The University of Arizona (UA) National Leadership Council, Banner Health Southern Arizona Advisory Council, Women United, Tucson Airport Authority, UA James E. Rogers College of Law Board of Visitors, UA President’s African American Community Council and Tucson Unified School District African American Advisory Council. Jenkins is a dedicated education advocate for African American student achievement. Jenkins is also proud member of the Las Donás of Tucson.
Jenkins holds bachelor’s and masters’ degrees in Communication from the University of Hawaii and a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Arizona, James E. Rogers College of Law. She is a member of the State Bar of Arizona.
Barry Goldman, Ph.D.: "Negotiations”
Presentation Abstract: The field of negotiations has become increasingly important to researchers, practitioners, and organizational leaders over the past 25 years. Much has been learned as to how individuals and organizations can benefit by nurturing the development of individual negotiators as well as how to reward and retain such skills in the organization. In this brief overview, we will discuss how your knowledge and abilities as a negotiator are affected by your individual personality. Moreover, we will briefly practice those skills in a role-play exercise.
Bio: Barry Goldman, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Management and Organizations, University of Arizona
Professor Goldman is an Associate Professor of Management and Organizations at the Eller College of Management at the University of Arizona. He has also been a Visiting Associate Professor at the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College and at the Instituto de Empresa in Madrid, Spain. He holds a terminal degree in law and a Ph.D. in business management (University of Maryland) and studied on a fellowship at Oxford University. He practiced as a lawyer in a major law firm in Washington, DC for 10 years prior to getting his Ph.D.
His primary area of research involves conflict and dispute resolution at work and negotiations. He is senior editor of the recently released book titled Negotiations in the 21st Century (2012,Routledge Press). He also does research in the area of mediation of work-related disputes. He has published in The Academy of Management Journal, Journal of Applied Psychology, Personnel Psychology, Journal of Management, and International Journal of Conflict Management., among other outlets. He is on the editorial boards of the Journal of Applied Psychology, Journal of Management, and Negotiations and Conflict Management Research.
His research has also been featured in The Wall Street Journal, Inc Magazine, and numerous newspapers. Moreover, it is also discussed at some length in the Dalai Lama’s book, The Art of Happiness at Work. He is past Chair of the Conflict Management Division of the Academy of Management, the largest organization in the world for management scholars. Recently, he has been invited to give an online talk for TED-Ed.
He primarily teaches MBA courses in Negotiations, Conflict Management and Business Law. He has been honored to receive eight teaching awards from his students. He has also taught executive education for a number of organizations, including Wuhan University in China, Intel Corp. (Santa Clara, CA.), Ventana Medical Systems, DP World (Dubai), Pima County Attorneys Office, City of Tucson, and others.
Finally, he believes that the best teaching should be both fun and exciting. A good class is one in which there is much learning and much enthusiasm.
Mike Miles: “Diversity and Inclusion are Everyone’s Full Time Roles”
Abstract: In this talk, Mike will talk about some of the events that lead to Microsoft’s current approach to diversity, three important business imperatives of diversity, more details of Microsoft’s approach to diversity, some examples of key programs, and examples of five things that you can do in the next 30 days to increase your own focus on diversity.
Bio: General Manager & Executive Sponsor of Diversity and Inclusion, Microsoft Cloud and Infrastructure Operations
Mike is a partner-level Technology Leader with 20+ years of software industry experience, with 15 years of experience building and leading teams in US and abroad. Mike is currently a General Engineering Manager at Microsoft, responsible for planning, developing and building out cloud infrastructure and related automated systems in support of Microsoft’s cloud-based products (Exchange, O365, Bing, etc).
Mike is the executive sponsor for diversity and inclusion in Microsoft’s Cloud and Infrastructure Operations team, responsible for developing and leading best practices in diversity recruiting, retention and employee development.
Mike recently took on an additional role for Microsoft, leading an initiative leveraging Microsoft’s global datacenter fleet to make a positive impact in 30 local communities around the world.
Mike is passionate about empowering university students to pursue social change and is active in lecturing on Corporate Social Responsibility, guest speaking on philanthropy and connecting students to Microsoft resources to enable social impact.
Outside of his professional role at Microsoft, Mike, his wife Christine and oldest son Jake are passionate about extending the reach of global health care to underserved communities in South America through Timmy Global Health.
Visit Mike at LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/in/mike-miles-014821/
Katee Van Horn: “Sponsorships and Mentorships—How to Navigate the First Years of Your Career”
Abstract: If you are just getting started in your career, a mentor can help you learn the ropes. To get to the next level, it helps to have a sponsor. Navigating how to find a mentor or sponsor and what to do once you find them is something you need to know to build successful networks. In this session, you’ll learn how to:
Choose a mentor and sponsor- what is the difference anyhow?
Foster great mentor conversations and know what you role is in the relationship
Leverage your sponsor to get your next role
- Build a network that will help you grow throughout your career
Bio: Katee Van Horn is the VP of Global Engagement & Inclusion for GoDaddy, driving the business imperative that more diverse teams build better products. She has the innate ability to quickly assess the organization, leadership, and individual development needs and create appropriate and operative solutions.
She is a reputable leader known for building and sustaining trusting, collaborative relationships and alliances to achieve business goals. Her focus is on outreach to diverse and underrepresented communities and building an inclusive culture for GoDaddy.
She writes about being a better human resources practitioner and is working on her first book. You can follow her blog and see upcoming speaking engagements at www.kateevanhorn.com.
Linda Alepin: “How CONTEXT Influences Thinking and Action”
Presentation Abstract: Ever wonder why each of us acts in a certain way? Do you know how to be a leader who takes people in a new direction? Want to learn the secret to “predicting” the future?
Attend this session with retired professor and successful executive, Linda Alepin, to find the answers to these and a myriad of other questions. Come prepared to spend your week’s most valuable time in a highly interactive session designed to put your “hands on the steering wheel” of leading others toward accomplishments beyond the ordinary.
Bio: Linda Alepin, Retired Executive Professor at Santa Clara University and Silicon Valley Executive at various technology firmsLinda Alepin’s vision is a world alive with possibility and peace. She believes that person has the capability to be a leader in the family, the community, and the world.
Linda led a highly successful career in the high tech industry. After initial training with IBM, she joined Amdahl, a major competitor for IBM’s mainframe business. She spent 18 years there capping her accomplishments by leading the team that effected a $2 billion turnaround. She was elected to be an officer of this F200 company.
After seven years leading smaller startups, Linda joined Santa Clara University (SCU) as an Executive Professor. She specialized in developing and teaching leadership and entrepreneurship. She is a sought after speaker on a broad range of subjects.
In 2004, as a way of fulfilling her vision of women as great leaders all over the world, she founded the Global Women’s Leadership Network (GWLN). She acted as the Executive Director for eight years as the organization grew its network of graduates and its reputation for the quality of its programs and the outstanding results of its graduates. She has been chair of the organization and is now Chair Emeritus. Linda was recognized for her work to forward women in leadership positions by the American Association of University Women with their Eleanor Roosevelt Foundation award in 2013.
Linda is a graduate of Stanford University in Economics. She is the mother of four adult children and four grandchildren, including twin boys who are age 18 months.
Vicki Panhuise, Ph.D.: "Diversity and the Competitive Advantage"
Bio: Vicki Panhuise is a recognized strategic business leader with 35 years of experience in aerospace manufacturing and engineering roles for commercial and defense markets. She has a proven track record for delivering results for complex programs requiring significant business transformation thought processes. Prior to joining NorthFind Partners, Vicki managed her own consulting business, VePoint Consulting Group, LLC. She also was President of Airborne Systems Group, a division of HDT Global, and successfully led the sale of this business for the private equity owner. Previously, Vicki held key business leadership roles at Honeywell Aerospace including Vice President, US Defense
Customers, as well as many other significant roles during her 31-year career.
Vicki holds several degrees including a B.A. in Mathematics from Wells College, M.S. and Ph.D. in Nuclear Engineering from University of Missouri-Columbia, and a MBA from the University of Arizona. She has served as the Chairman of the Arizona Aerospace and Defense Commission and on the Arizona Commerce Authority Board appointed by the Governor.
Presentation abstract: Today’s business environment has significant technological advancements that make communicating globally possible – mobile technology, global internet connectivity, Skype, instant messaging – to name a few of these advancements. These capabilities allow companies to expand globally more easily. This global expansion creates new dimensions to “diversity” that may negate the potential growth if not understood.
Many of us if challenged to define diversity we would quickly identify the primary layer of diversity – age, race, and gender. But there are so many other facets of diversity including social status, culture, educational background, organizational impacts, appearance, and language. The global expansion of corporations creates subtle issues related to diversity such as virtual communications and insider-‐outsider impacts. All of these aspects create opportunities and risks for a business. The businesses that recognize diversity as a competitive advantage win in the marketplace.
Recognizing diversity as a competitive advantage requires moving from diversity as a numbers game to diversity as a mindset with inclusive behaviors rewarded. Significant evidence exists to show that companies achieve increased growth and margin expansion when emphasizing diversity as a part of their corporate strategy.
Cynthia K. Riemenschneider, Ph.D.: "What Role Does the Boss Play?"
Bio: Cynthia K. Riemenschneider is associate dean for research and faculty development and professor of Information Systems in the Hankamer School of Business at Baylor University. Her publications have appeared in Information Systems Research, Journal of Management Information Systems, IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, The DATA BASE for Advances in Information Systems, European Journal of Information Systems, and others. She currently conducts research on IT work force issues, women and minorities in IT, and ethical issues surrounding IT use.
Presentation abstract: Projections of looming shortages in the supply of skilled IT workers, along with high employee replacement costs, make employee attraction, retention, and support a pressing concern for organizations. One potential remedy is to focus more attention on historically underrepresented groups. We explore ways organizations can support ethnic minority IT professionals to enhance their career success. Integrating affective, cognitive, and social perspectives our objective is to explore the implications of ethnic minority status for the relationship between leader support provided by psychosocial and career mentoring and exchange with subordinates as well as indicators of career success represented by organizational commitment and merit pay among IT workers. We conducted a field study of 289 IT workers in a Fortune 500 company and found that leader member exchange influenced organizational commitment for ethnic minorities while career mentoring and leader member exchange influenced organizational commitment for majorities. Psychosocial mentoring influenced merit pay for ethnic minorities, while neither leader member exchange nor mentoring influenced merit pay for majorities. Our findings suggest that managers can boost organizational commitment among IT workers by focusing on leader member exchange and career mentoring. Moreover, they may want to place particular emphasis on psychosocial mentoring and interventions to enhance leader member exchange for their ethnic minority IT workers.
Laura J. McGill, Ph.D.: “The Power in Diversity of Thought to Meet Technical Challenges”
Bio: Laura J. McGill is a principal engineering fellow at Raytheon Missiles and a former deputy director for Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missiles and Special Programs. McGill is an adjunct lecturer for Raytheon’s onsite Master of Science in Systems Engineering program with Johns Hopkins University Whiting School of Engineering. She also serves as an instructor for the company’s Systems Engineering Technical Development Program.
She is a lifetime fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) and a member of its board of directors. She is AIAA’s current vice president–Standards and former vice president—Technical Activities.
Presentation abstract: In the face of what appear to be impossible challenges, unexpected solutions are often brought forward by people who are not the traditional contributors to a specific problem space. Including participants that represent diverse backgrounds and disciplines enables your teams to improve results, accomplish more, and sometimes change the game completely. I will share a couple of simple examples and discuss how it changed my thinking about the power of diversity.
Michelle C. Bligh, Ph.D.: "Feeling Confident? How Perceptions of Competence Influence Negotiation, Promotions, and Career Success."
Bio: Michelle C. Bligh is an associate professor in the Division of Behavioral and Organizational Sciences (DBOS) and the Drucker–Ito School of Management at Claremont Graduate University (CA). She has also served as the associate dean of DBOS. Her research interests include charismatic leadership, interpersonal trust, gender issues in leadership, and political and executive leadership. Her work has been published in Journal of Applied Psychology, Leadership, Employee Relations, The Leadership Quarterly, Applied Psychology: An International Review, Group and Organization Management, Journal of Managerial Psychology, and The Journal of Business Ethics, and she serves on the editorial review boards of The Leadership Quarterly and Leadership. She was awarded the 2007 Sage Best Paper Award in Group and Organization Management and the 2003 Sage Outstanding Paper Award for Research Methods. Her scholarly work was recognized by The Leadership Quarterly as one of the top 50 most cited authors of the decade, 2000–10.
Dr. Bligh has served as a visiting professor for the Singapore Institute of Management's Executive MBA program for the last ten years. She has also helped a variety of public and private sector organizations assess and improve their effectiveness in the areas of leadership development, organizational culture, and change management in a variety of industries, including local and state law enforcement, consulting, finance, non-profits, healthcare, and real estate.
Heather Metcalf, Ph.D.: “Unconscious Bias in the CS/IS Workforce: What You Can Do to Foster Inclusive Workplace Cultures.”
Bio: Heather Metcalf is a Proposal and Award Coordinator with the University of Arizona’s College of Engineering and is a grant writer for the Aurora Foundation of Southern Arizona, a disability social justice and advocacy non-profit.
She recently completed a postdoctoral research associate position with the National Science Foundation (NSF) ADVANCE Grant at the UA where her responsibilities focused on examining issues of faculty equity in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. She earned her doctorate from the Center for the Study of Higher Education at UA in May 2011. She also holds master’s degrees in Gender and Women’s Studies and Computer Science. Her research areas are science and technology policy studies, gender studies, and human-computer interaction. She has research, policy and programmatic expertise in faculty and student development, recruitment and retention initiatives, STEM cultures, unconscious bias, STEM workforce issues, and diversity and equity issues.
November Papaleo, Ph.D.: “Building and Leveraging Diverse Networks”
Bio: November hails from San Diego by way of the Pacific Northwest. She earned her Ph.D. in Gender and Women's Studies from the University of Arizona with a minor in Rhetoric, Composition, and the Teaching of English, and a certificate in mastery for College Teaching. Her recent work examines how educators recognize their relationships with technology both online and offline and how that relationship affects perceptions of bullying, disciplinary policy development, and empathy markers. Her work with digital literacy is ever present in workshops with schools in TUSD and in presentations for non-profits across the state. As the Director of Women in Science and Engineering, November has worked within Arizona to bring STEM learning to K-12 students, impoverished communities, and underrepresented students across the state. Utilizing a combination of educational leadership and pedagogical strategies, internal and external collaboration, and a hearty internship program, November and her team have increased participation in the program from 500 people annually in 2009 to over 5000 in the last academic year. Contact November at firstname.lastname@example.org
Rane Johnson-Stempson: "Building Your Online Brand"
Bio: Rane Johnson-Stempson is a Principal Research Director at Microsoft Research Outreach, where she engages with academics worldwide and identifies high-impact areas for research investigations. She is currently working on projects that use technology to transform how we learn about history, teach middle school girls programming and how we eradicate human trafficking. Rane is also the lead for growing, attracting and retaining women in research, science and engineering. She is actively working with NCWIT, Anita Borg, AAUW, CRA-W, IEEE-WIE, ACM-W and researchers on how to grow the pipeline of women in research, science and engineering. She has been selected to sit on Whitehouse committees to focus on how technology can stop the commercial sex trafficking of minors and technology inclusion for under-represented minorities in STEM. Previously, as the WW Director of Education Strategy she was responsible for multi-stakeholder partnerships, Cisco-Intel-Microsoft Alliance, World Economic Forum- Global Education Initiative, Fast Track Initiative-Private Constituency and helping our local teams around the world use the power of technology as an accelerator to transform education to meet local government priorities to drive economic and workforce development in the 21st century
Presentation Abstract: There is no secret today that as a technical professional you must stand out and make a name for yourself to ensure the highest level of success. In a world that is becoming more and more virtual, you are your search results. Being googled, binged, yahooed is the new millennium version of the reference check. According to Business Week, 87% headhunters use Google, Bing, Yahoo and social networks to make decisions about candidates and 35% of the recruiters have eliminated candidates based on the search results. Clearly, people are making decisions about you based on what they find online. In this interactive session we are asking you to bring your laptops. You will build strategies on building your online brand, how to better use Twitter, Facebook, Linked-in and blogs for you to appear to be the person you want the world to know. We will also help you look at building your virtual network and the importance of scheduling time for your social online appearance & network.
JoAnn McCay: "Building Effective Global Relationships from Your Spare Room"
Bio: JoAnn McCay is a project engineer with 25 years of experience in military and commercial aerospace development and certification, as well as semiconductor fab facility startups in the US and Saudi Arabia. Currently working from home as an outsource Systems Engineer on a major commercial aircraft program, JoAnn motivates a cross-functional engineering team spread across three continents, connecting internal and external stakeholders at a major supplier and the aircraft manufacturer. She holds a B.S. in Engineering Science and Mechanics from Virginia Tech and M.S. in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Arizona. She is a life member of the Society of Women Engineers, and has served as the Outreach Chair and President of the Phoenix Section Society of Women Engineers, on the Arizona Council of Engineering and Scientific Associations, and as President of the Cross Cultural Exchange Association in Nagoya, Japan.
Presentation abstract: Working remote adds a geographic dimension to the diversity spectrum. Let’s explore the benefits and challenges for the worker as well as the company. Does a different culture develop when working remote? JoAnn shares some hard and soft skills that have helped her work effectively in teams across three continents, and with a boss across town.
Bev Crair: "Leveraging Inclusion to Create High-performing Teams"
Bio: Bev Crair is vice president in the Data Center Group and general manager of the Storage Group at Intel Corporation. She leads the team responsible for delivering business strategies and products that address the existing and emerging storage needs of Intel customers across a breadth of environments, including the cloud, the enterprise, high-performance computing and communications. She holds a bachelor’s degree in computer science and mathematics from the University of California, Santa Cruz; and an MBA degree from the Graziadio School of Business and Management at Pepperdine University. She is a standing member of the Dean’s Advisory Council at the UC Santa Cruz Baskin School of Engineering, represents Intel in the Workforce Alliance with the National Center for Women and Information Technology, and is a member of the board of directors for Girls in Tech, Inc.
Presentation abstract: Why are hi tech companies talking about Diversity and Inclusion—why does it matter? Is it enough to hire diverse talent? What does it mean to be an inclusive leader what does it look like, and what are the tell-tale signs that an environment is “inclusive”. This presentation will provide perspectives on why focusing on inclusion and diversity is all about creating high-performance teams where everyone who brings their authentic self to work are empowered and to do their best work and drive business success.
Henry Corral: "Changing the Face of High Tech"
Bio: Henry Corral, Global Diversity Manager at Intel Corporation has been at Intel for over 28 years and has played major roles in helping build Intel’s diversity presence.
Presentation abstract: At Intel, we believe that creating a fully diverse and inclusive workplace is fundamental to how we deliver business results. As technology and markets continue to evolve, building and growing a workforce that is fully representative of the customers we serve and communities in which we operate is paramount to our success. This means taking Intel’s technology to completely new markets…who would have ever imagined Intel and a New York Fashion Design Show? Well, its happening, and in order for us to meet these new and exciting challenges, we need to build a workforce that is prepared to take on these diverse challenges.
Jeffrey Stone: "Implicit Bias in the Academy: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions"
NOTE: Jeff's presentation is NOT AVAILABLE online and not in the D2L system.
Bio: Dr. Jeff Stone is Professor of Psychology in the School of Mind, Brain and Behavior, appointed faculty in the Marketing Department of the Eller College of Management, and a research associate in the Arizona Cancer Center, all at the University of Arizona. He directs two labs in the Psychology department. His Self and Attitudes lab develops new influence strategies that are used to promote health behavior and the reduction of prejudice. His Social Psychology of Sport Lab investigates the causes and consequences of racial and gender stereotypes for the behavior of athletes both on and off the field.
Presentation abstract: My presentation will provide the audience with an understanding of implicit bias and strategies for reducing the effects of implicit bias when they interact with stigmatized individuals. For the first half of the presentation, I will introduce the psychological processes underlying bias by defining the concepts of prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination. We will then discuss the differences between implicit and explicit biases, perspectives on how implicit biases are developed and the functions they serve, and, finally, how they are measured. We will also examine the data from experiments on implicit prejudice and stereotyping that suggest all people harbor implicit biases that “leak” into their judgment and behavior. During the second half of the presentation, I will discuss the strategies that people can adopt, such as pursuing egalitarian goals, identifying common identities and counter-stereotypic attributes, and perspective taking, that that show strong potential for reducing implicit bias.